No one in this world wants to suffer from schizophrenia. Including you and me isn’t it?. But there are always the disadvantaged in a population. What if you or someone you love suffer from this disease?. Psychiatrists diagnose myself as a schizophrenic. It has taken a long time to recover. The main and primary pillar in the treatments is drug therapy. Of course you want to know further about drugs used to treat schizophrenia as well.
You should read in this post to find out the other pillars for the treatments. Basically, all the three pillars are just the same for almost all mental health illness. Includes for schizophrenia, bipolar and depression. We have not found the best treatments for mental health illness. The best treatments vary greatly for each person. I myself feel comfortable with the handling given now by medical care in Indonesia.
Almost one percent of the overall population suffers from schizophrenia. Fifteen percent of them live in government-owned shelters and another fifteen percent live on the road as psychotic vagrants. This figure was roughly the same for the whole country. Whether in the US or UK. Statistics in Indonesia said that people with schizophrenia in Indonesia reached 0.8 percent of the population. The Government of Indonesia has not been able to provide the meaningful infrastructure to care for these kind of people as well. Of course, this is different from developing countries such as the US and UK as well.
Kind Of Drugs Used To Treat Schizophrenia
Indeed, these drugs do not cure the disease. However, by using drugs to treat schizophrenia, most of the symptoms can be neutralized. Please read on this post to find out these symptoms. Hope you will get a clearer picture of what the sufferer is experiencing. Like most mental health illness with other psychotic symptoms, drugs used to treat schizophrenia is a class of antipsychotic drugs.
First Generation Medicines
Some sources suggested that first generation antipsychotic drugs were discovered by accident as well. Actually, it is very interesting to explore this issue further. How does the process of finding it by accident?. But unfortunately I have not found it yet. This kind of drugs is chlorpromazine (Thorazine), which is immediately followed by drugs such as fluphenazine (Prolixin), haloperidol (Haldol), loxapine (Loxapine), perphenazine (Trilafon), thioridazine (Mellaril), thiothixene (Navane) and trifluoperazine (Stelazine).
Second Generation Antipsychotics
Around 1989, pharmacists introduced second-generation antipsychotics. They called them as atypical antipsychotics. Included in this class is Clozapine. A source said that psychiatrists have been using Clozapine (Clozaril) since the nineteen sixties. Other atypical antipsychotics include: aripiprazole (Abilify), aripiprazole lauroxil (Aristada), asenapine (Saphris), brexpiprazole (Rexulti), kariprazine (Vraylar), lurasidone (Latuda), paliperidone (Invega, Invega Sustenna, Invega Trinza), paliperidone palmitate (Invega Trinza ), Quetiapine (Seroquel), risperidone (Risperdal or Risperdal Consta), olanzapine (Zyprexa), and ziprasidone (Geodon).
Until here means we already know kind of drug used to treat schizophrenia. Psychiatrists also use this to treat patients with psychotic symptoms. As a bipolar patient with psychotic symptoms, then I also use these drugs indeed.
Antipsychotic’s Side Effect
Atypical Antipsychotic has a better efficacy compared with first-generation antipsychotics. Similarly, side effects are much reduced drastically. Despite the maximum results, second-generation drugs still have unexpected side effects. It’s included increased blood sugar levels. In addition, the researchers also found increased cholesterol and triglycerides during the usage.
The presence of these side effects makes physicians should control their use in schizophrenic patients strictly. Patients will greatly appreciate the psychiatrist’s efforts to reduce the dose during maintenance. Even if the effort did not work out. You can see in this post about maintenance dosage.
How Do Drugs Used to Treat Schizophrenia Work
The cause of schizophrenia and severe mental health illness is primarily an imbalance of chemical substances in the brain. The substance is a hormone that acts as a neurotransmitter. Currently we are only talking about the biological causes of schizophrenia indeed. There are other causes. Among them are psychological and social factors. But in this paper, we limit it to only biological issues.
Communication between brain cells requires this neurotransmitter. People with schizophrenia do not have enough neurotransmitters in their brain. Most neurotransmitters are dopamine. Dopamine is also the cause of happiness. Medicines work by stimulating the formation of neurotransmitters that the brain needs it. In fact indeed researchers are still not much know about this issue. They still have to research more of this subject to know more.