Treatments for bipolar disorder remains a mystery to most people. As far as they have not been informed about it. Due to they have never suffered from this disease, then we really could understand why they do not know. What if by chance our family or friends having this illness ?. Furthermore, what if we are the people with bipolar disorder ourselves?. Of course we wanted to know more. This article intends to uncover that mystery, so we know more about these treatments for bipolar disorder.
The writer himself is indeed a person with bipolar disorder. You can read the story of mine in this post. Or you can view here as a comparison. The writers suffering from this disease for dozens of years. Due to it is a part of my concern, it is very exciting to share this knowledge with you all.
Treatments For Bipolar Disorder
Medical personnels have agreed that the best treatment for bipolar disorder is a combination between drug treatment and psychotherapy. Psychologists often refer to this psychotherapy as counselling. Usually, psychiatrists relieve symptoms of mania with prescribe a set of drugss. Whereas, to deal with depressive symptoms, they will provide other medicines.
When the patient has entered a steady period, the doctor will use certain drugs for maintenance. Due to this maintenance, the doctor uses it usually in small doses. Of course, it also depends on the condition of the patient herself or himself. The conditions of each person is different of course. Whereas body’s sensitivity responds to drug is also different, therefore the maintenance dose can be different for each patient.
The doctor will select one or more types of medication to relieve the symptoms appear. This selection is dependent upon the patient’s response to the medication given. Therefore, at the beginning of therapy, usually the psychiatrist tried to give medication and assess the impact on the patient. If psychiatrists considered that the drugs were not appropriate, then she or he will replace it with other drugs. The types of drug administered are;
Patients with bipolar have a very noticeable swing mood. Therefore, they need a mood stabilizer. Doctors often use Valproic Acid. Is is traded with the patent name Depakote, whereas its generic name is Divalproex. The writer himself using Depakote ER 500mg once daily on the morning.
Psichiatrists use Atypical Antipsychotics such as Olanzapine, Risperidone, or Clozapine to relieve and prevent the symptoms of acute mania. Often the patient actually responds to the old types of medicines such as Haloperidol instead of the sophisticated one as well. Patients requiring this medication because it controls the psychotic symptoms such as hallucinations or delusions as well.
The writer himself uses Olanzapine 10mg plus Clozapine 50mg every night. Of course, with doctor’s instruction and prescription. Psychiatrists provide additional Clozapine which is equally atypical antipsychotic group with Olanzapine since Clozapine has a stronger soporific effect. The combination of both kinds of atypical antipsychotic drugs makes the writer easier to rest and sleeping.
Researchers believe that serotonin and norepinephrine have an important role in regulating mood. So, there is often a psychiatrist giving Tricyclic Antidepressants to the patients. They feed mainly to patients who experience depressive phase. However, these drugs sometimes increase the risk of mania. Therefore, long-term use is not recommended, unless there are special reasons.
Researchs on the use of antidepressants is still not sufficient nowadays. Using it in the long-term is only allowed if does not appear the current episode of mania or hypomania. In the case of the writer, psychiatrist did not give any tricyclic antidepressant. Perhaps it is different from the case of yourself or your loved ones. You should entrust this problem to the doctor. They have got special education about it.
The most popular is probably electroconvulsive therapy or ECT. Maybe your doctor will consider it in the case of severe mania or depression. Also for patients who do not respond to medicines. This therapy might be a lot of help for patients who have malignant and indicate a high suicidal tendency. Above all, there are still some other options, let us review one by one.
I think you should know about electric shock therapy for depression. Currently, psychiatrists already renewed Electroconvulsive Therapy or ECT procedure. Previously, this therapy seemed very horrible. The doctor will ask the patient to lie down while they provide a small current of electrical shock with a high voltage. They give a shock by mounting a pair of electrodes on the temples of the patient. Of course, the patient or the viewer will be cringe.
Modern procedures are now becoming much more friendly and very effective. First of all, the psychiatrist will anesthetize and provide muscle relaxation to the patients. Then, when the patient is sleeping, she or he will give a small electrical current to the patient’s temples. Just like the old procedure, they would give it through a pair of electrodes. In this way, the patient will surely feel more comfortable. What’s your opinion ?. Are you interested in trying this kind of treatments for bipolar disorder ?.
Vagus or Vagal Nerve Stimulations
The more sophisticated types from ECT are VNS. People called VNS as Vagal Nerve Stimulations. This method involves inplanting device that sends electrical signals to the vagus nerves. It’s a big nerves along the abdomen. This method is effective for depression in patients with bipolar.
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulations
Perhaps this way is the most comfortable due to using electromagnetic field instead of electric current. This procedure uses an electromagnetic coil which stimulates brain cells. In addition to people with bipolar disorder, doctors also use it to treat patients with depression.
People often forget this kind of treatments for bipolar disorder as well. Psychologists often termed it with talk therapy or counseling. You should notice that psychotherapists can only do so when the patient is stabilized. Before reaching that level, people with bipolar disorder should give priority to drugs therapy. Patients will find it useful to find appropriate coping mechanisms. Either when dealing with others or to manage themselves.
Just to repeat, the best treatments for bipolar disorder is combination between drugs therapy with counseling as well. Should the patient take these counseling sessions when the condition has been stabilized. Practice counseling when the patient’s condition is not yet stable should lead to diligently has the medicines.
People who are around the patient must alert to the possibility of suicide. Beware when people with bipolar started talking about killing himself or herself. Keep the person to speak emphatically. Suggest her or him to talk with a psychiatrist or counselor. For additional insights on how to behave towards them, you can read this post.
Last but not least, people with bipolar disorder are still able to obtain either social functions or their thinking capability. Many world thinkers and famous figures have bipolar disorder as Sir Isaac Newton or Sydney Sheldon. They still have tributes to the world.